United States

Pine Ridge Gardens

Since 1985, the Slim Buttes Agricultural Development Project has enabled Oglala Lakota Sioux families across Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota to prepare and maintain gardens to augment their diets with fresh organic produce.

Loretta with squash

Life expectancy on Pine Ridge (pop. 40,000) is some twenty years shorter than the national average for multiple reasons, including persistent poverty and food insecurity. Families are burdened by diabetes at 800 times the national average. Access to affordable fresh vegetables is literally life-saving.

Tom-with-watermelon

The project provides tractor services for garden tilling, seedlings, seeds,  advice and tools in response to applications from local residents. Many became interested by listening to the project’s weekly radio show “Talking of Things Growing” on the Lakota radio station, KILI FM. Over the years, the project has grown into eight of the nine Pine Ridge reservation districts.  From a humble start of six gardens in 1985, 200 gardens benefiting approximately 2500 tribal members were assisted in 2017. Plenty has supported the project with donations from individuals, foundation grants, skilled volunteers and our deep respect and partnership over many years.

Disaster Relief & Recovery

Current Activities and past efforts

Plenty was founded in 1974 to channel aid and support to families and communities affected by natural disasters, and we have provided disaster relief in many countries, both in the U.S. and abroad since then.

Current Activities 

  • Planning by the Nepal team headed by John Vavruska is underway for further work in the village of Chupar, Nepal, including expansion of the new school constructed by the project in 2016 with local labor. 
  • Six portable solar powered high-volume community water filtering units will be on their way to Puerto Rico in mid-June through the work of AidElevated.org, a new Plenty partner.

 

 Plenty’s Relief and Recovery efforts – a chronological summary

Nepal Earthquake Relief (2015)

Plenty began a fiscal sponsorship of two relief and rebuilding projects in Nepal, directed and carried out by skilled and dedicated volunteer staff, which are still in process

Chupar Village

Immediately after the earthquake in April 2015, this relief and rebuilding effort headed by former Peace Corps volunteer in Nepal, John Vavruska, went into gear – providing food and temporary shelters for the people of Chupar. Further efforts in 2016 and 2017 included rebuilding homes and a new school, built with local labor using traditional methods and Gabon banding for earthquake stability. Continued support for this village is being planned in 2018. 

Halchok Village

Here is the first letter appeal from the Alsops in 2015, which describes their efforts:

“As you know, Nepal has suffered a terrible earthquake – in fact two earthquakes, one on April 25 and the second on May 12th. Our son Vajra was in Kathmandu, where he was born, for both quakes and witnessed some of the terrible destruction and loss of life in the Durbar square of Kathmandu where he has an apartment, thankfully in a modern, earthquake-resistant house. Like many people, we immediately responded to the earthquake by giving donations to various institutions dedicated to disaster relief. It soon became apparent that much of the most immediate and elective relief work was being done by small groups of Nepalis and expat foreigners who were supplying relief to communities they knew and had a connection with.
One friend in Santa Fe, John Vavruska, set up a mini relief project for the village of Chupar, ancestral home of other mutual Nepali friends in Santa Fe, Uttam and Budu Rai, funneling donations through a small non-profit: Plenty International http://plenty.org/news/ His effort has inspired us. Just after the first quake, Vajra visited Halcok, the village where we lived for over ten years in the 1980s and 1990s. While he was happy to report that his best friend in Nepal, Sukri Putwar, and his family were safe, there had been widespread destruction of the poorer houses of the village. Vajra wrote us on April 28, “I went up to see Sukri at the village. 56 houses collapsed (out of maybe 100?). All the old houses, gone. It’s as if an entire memory has been erased. Sukri incredibly lucky to be alive. Made me realize that the real destruction in Nepal must be up in the little mountain villages, in the stone houses.”

We decided that we wanted to help, and with the eager participation of the Nepali staff in the office we work with in Nepal, we were able to send up a shipment of food and essential supplies to the homeless villagers encamped below the ruins. We are now planning to provide supplies for more substantial temporary housing, food, sanitation and other priorities.

Plenty International has graciously agreed to allow our Halcok relief effort to run donations through their organization, thus making donations tax-deductible in the US. 97% of donations will go directly to Halcok relief. We will be paying our own expenses for travel to Nepal and once there. If you would like to join this effort focused on helping one needy village, please send your tax-deductible donation (checks only please – no credit cards or Paypal), made out to Plenty International and write on the note line “Halcok Relief Nepal”.

Please consider adopting Halcok and helping “one village at a time” survive now and rebuild in the future. Thank you.

Ian, Lois, Vajra, and Vasundhara Alsop”

Super Typhoon Haiyan – the Philippines (2013)

Super Typhoon Haiyan struck the Philippines in November 2013 with brutal force. International relief efforts were massive and continue  long-term. Plenty was asked to help the village of Alta Vista on the island of Leyte,  home to about 1,500 people. Every house in the area lost their roof and/or sustained other damage. Alta Vista Elementary School, with 280 k-6th grade students, lost its roof, desks, books and supplies. Plenty provided funds to repair the school and replace books and student supplies. 

 Gulf Coast  (2008 and ongoing)

Louisiana’s Gulf Coast communities are vulnerable to frequent storms and hurricanes and have no protective levee system. The BP oil disaster in the spring of 2010 added a devastating blow to the Gulf’s environment and the traditional fishing and shrimping livelihoods of its coastal people.

In Terrebonne Parish, working with Tribal leaders, Plenty provided emergency distributions of food and clothing to some of the most impacted Biloxi-Chitimacha Indian families. Since 2008, thanks to the efforts of Plenty volunteer Elaine Langley and friends, the annual “Bayou Christmas” has provided toys, books, groceries and other aid to over 100 families.  

Replacement beds and mattresses were provided for 16 families after Hurricane Isaac in August 2012, funded by the Philip R. Jonsson Foundation.

Plenty has assisted the Pointe-au-Chene Biloxi-Chitimacha tribe to complete a raised community center that also serves as a tribal office and hurricane shelter, and house a library and computer lab. The center was completed in 2014.

Supporting the people of the Gulf since Katrina enables us to witness longer-term impacts to the health and wellbeing of these highly vulnerable coastal communities.

Haiti earthquake (January 12, 2010)

The National Palace in Port-au-Prince after the earthquake.

When Haiti’s overcrowded capital collapsed into a deadly avalanche of rubble in the massive quake, Haiti was already the most impoverished country in the western hemisphere with 70% unemployment and an infant mortality rate of 60 per thousand births, ten times greater than the US rate.

Elaine gives medicine to a little girl.
Plenty medical volunteer works in a temporary emergency clinic in the village of Cayes Jacmel after the earthquake.

Plenty assistance to Haiti from 2010-13 has largely focused on health and medical needs:

  • Medicines and supplies for the immediate relief effort, and ongoing to the ADHD clinic in La Vallee; water purification tablets to Le Mabouya, a Haitian environmental NGO in Cayes-Jacmel, (southeast Haiti); and to a clinic in Cape Haitian (central plateau), run by the Haitian NGO Sante Total – $7,000
  • Ten heavy-duty wheelchairs designed for rural use by Whirlwind Wheelchairs – $2200
  • Support for clinical volunteers, and teaching workshops for Haitian midwives on Home Based Life Saving Skills – simple interventions that save mother and infant lives – $1,800

Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: (August/September 2005)

Together, these Gulf Coast hurricanes constituted the most devastating natural disaster to hit the U.S. in its history.

NOLA under water
New Orleans was 80% under water three days after Katrina.

Times of great tragedy often generate great compassion, and this disaster was no exception. The world witnessed an unprecedented outpouring of caring and mobilization in response. We are very grateful for the many generous people who channeled their time, talents and funds through Plenty to help.

plastic on roof
Plenty volunteers cover a roof with plastic.

Multiple runs of volunteers and supplies were organized from our home base in Tennessee to assist hurricane victims in Louisiana and Mississippi in building repair, supply distribution, medical care, mold abatement, needs assessment, and more.

Joel gets into it
Volunteers gutted houses in preparation for rebuilding

Other supply and volunteer runs were mobilized from Tennessee, Texas, and Florida. Volunteers came from as far as New York, California, and Oregon.

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Plenty team in New Orleans.

Food, water, medical supplies, blankets, heaters, clothing, batteries, cleaning and other supplies were purchased and distributed thanks to donations raised from individuals and community fundraisers. 

Katrina relief work also led to the creation of Plenty’s ongoing program, Books To Kids. 

Hurricane Stan: (October 2005) Guatemala

Torrential rains caused deadly mudslides around Lake Atitlan in the department of Solola, which killed at least 600 people and displaced thousands in the traditional Mayan communities of this area. Plenty provided $8,700 for emergency and longer term food relief, which was coordinated through Plenty’s Central American Food Security program partner Asociacion De Desarollo Integral Belen (ADIBE) and their soy foods processing facility, which is located near the affected area.

Tsunami: (December 2004) India and Sri Lanka

On December 26, 2004, a devastating tsunami struck 1,356 miles of Indian coastline, destroying or seriously damaging 883 villages and affecting 1.2 million people. Over 10,000 people died in mainland India. We were asked by a trusted colleague working in India to support  a project to assist pregnant women and children. $2,870 was utilized for playgrounds for children in two villages (Chinoor and Velangiriyan Pettai), as a way to help them in their trauma recovery. The remaining $5,577 supported a project to provide pre- and post-natal care, nutritional food and vitamin supplements, vaccinations, psychological counseling, and special needs assistance to 276 pregnant women and 391 nursing mothers living in 25 villages that were devastated by the tsunami.

Hurricane Iris: (October 2001) Belize

This category 5 hurricane swept through southern Belize in October 2001, destroying homes, crops, and rainforest. Plenty Belize staff and volunteers set up outdoor emergency kitchens in 5 villages, where residents and the Plenty crew produced and distributed over 1000 lbs. of high protein dry cereal and drink mixes and coordinated other aid delivery in the area. Funds raised also purchased tools and seeds to enable 275 farming families to begin replanting. We assisted our longterm friends the Toledo Cacao Growers Association to  set up 4 village tree nurseries with drip irrigation by solar water pumps. About $17,000 was raised for these efforts from individuals and small grants.

Hurricane Mitch: (November 1999) Nicaragua

Plenty raised $5,726 through individuals and two small grants for Hurricane Mitch relief. Plenty built 2 houses and repaired three others, installed two neighborhood water wells, and supported a local woman’s group MUPROVI (Women Producing for Life) in the town of San Juan de Limay, by donating food and supplies for their temporary Olla Comunal (community kitchen). The community kitchen served approximately 80 kids one meal a day, 5 or 6 days a week for several months. Two Plenty representatives drove a load of medical supplies and house wares from Texas to Nicaragua, and donated their four wheel drive Toyota truck to help move supplies to families who lost homes and more in the hurricane. They also worked with MUPROVI to replant trees and re-establish vegetable gardens in the year following Mitch.

Guatemalan earthquake: (February 1976)

Two years after Plenty’s founding, we began our international work by responding to a massive earthquake that struck the Guatemalan highlands, killing over 23,000 people. Early relief efforts involved volunteer carpenter crews from the Farm Community who began rebuilding the town of San Andreas Itzapa and outlying rural communities. Deep underlying conditions of poverty and social inequality were revealed through this work, and seeing an opportunity to provide longer term assistance, the Farm Community, through Plenty sent more volunteers with health care, farming, communication and related skills. Initial relief efforts evolved into a multi-year program involving hundreds of volunteers, partly funded by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA). 1200 homes, 12 schools and several clinics were rebuilt, a radio station established, agriculture and nutrition projects, health care training, and a free clinic provided services, and orphaned and malnourished children were cared for by Plenty volunteers.

adobe rubble 2
The earthquake in Guatemala killed 23,000 people and left a million homeless.

 

Itzapa camp crew portrait2
Plenty Guatemala volunteer camp, 1977.

Tornadoes in southern US: (1975-76)

In Plenty’s earliest years, we helped our neighbors in times of need, responding to local disasters by collecting and transporting truckloads of food, blankets, and clothing from Plenty headquarters at the Farm Community in middle Tennessee to tornado and flood victims in Mississippi, Alabama, and Tennessee.

Books To Kids

Since 2006 Books To Kids volunteers have distributed free, quality books to disadvantaged children in Louisiana, Tennessee, and most recently, rural Kentucky. As of June 2018 over 250,000 books have been provided to children through schools, families, community centers and libraries.

Books To Kids was started by Nashville, Tennessee resident Jim Selin, who had assisted Plenty in relief efforts after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005. Jim saw first hand the devastation experienced by families in New Orleans and wanted to help.

Jim with kids in the Lower Ninth
Books To Kids Program Director, Jim Selin, with kids in in the Lower Ninth Ward of New Orleans in May, 2013.

 

Books To Kids is a way to help children move beyond trauma, cope with the difficulties of economically challenged neighborhoods, and ultimately, to increase their academic success.

Books To Kids promotes literacy and a love of reading.  With these skills, children are better equipped to make informed life choices. The program focuses on children up to age 11. These are the years when a child’s academic foundation can have its most powerful effect on both the child and their family.

Thirty four percent of the children in New Orleans live in poverty; the national average is 20%. (Source: Annie Casey Foundation Kids Count 2011). Poverty and early stress impact not only a child’s day-to-day life, but also the choices and opportunities she or he has to create future happiness and success.

Most of the children served by Books To Kids live below the poverty level, with the vast majority on the free or reduced lunch program at school.  In short we strive to reach those in greatest need. Over 7000 kids are served annually by Books To Kids.

Kids hold up books Brooklyn, NY
After Hurricane Sandy blasted coastal New York and New Jersey, Books To Kids distributed books in neighborhoods that had been hit.

 

Book acquisition operates year round. Books provided are chosen utilizing guidelines regarding illustrations, language, and content.  Volunteers help with acquisition, distribution and related tasks. Volunteers:

  • Acquire quality books from libraries, families, thrift and used book stores, yard sales, and other sources.
  • Process, box and label books for distribution.
  • Transport the books to schools and community centers, which distribute the free reading materials directly to children.

About four distribution runs to the Gulf coast area, Middle Tennessee and Appalachia take place annually. Current Gulf Coast distribution sites include

  • Arise Academy Charter School, New Orleans
  • Mildred Osborne Elementary School, New Orleans
  • Boothville-Venice Elementary School, LA
  • Arabi Community Center, LA
  • Point Aux Chenes community, LA
  • The Lower Ninth Ward Literacy project, New Orleans
  • Isle de Jean Charles families, LA
  • Abney Elementary School, Slidell LA
Isle de Jean Charles books
Kids living on Isle de Jean Charles, an island off the coast of Louisiana that is gradually eroding into the Gulf of Mexico, examine their new books from Books To Kids.

 

Current Middle Tennessee sites include Highland Park Elementary School in Columbia, The Farm School and Kids To The Country program in Summertown.

Sites in rural east Tennessee and Kentucky include Mountain Communities Parent Resource Center/Wynn Habersham Elementary School in Campbell County, Tennessee, and the Books To Kids Reading and Tutoring Center in Williamsburg, Kentucky. The Center also distributes books to elementary schools in Whitley County, Kentucky.

Research has demonstrated the correlation between the number of books in a child’s home and their academic success. That is why the majority of Books To Kids books, while distributed in schools, are destined for students’ homes, to be shared with family and friends.

NOLA book parade
Books were given away during the Literacy Parade in the Lower Ninth Ward of New Orleans in May, 2013.

 

Some books are donated to school libraries and some are used in accelerated reading programs.

Volunteers in Tennessee and New Orleans keep building new relationships with school principals, community center directors, and other children’s programs that suggest additional sites where books are needed and will be distributed.

Maria Prout, Principal of Boothville-Venice Elementary School says:

”When Jim brings books we organize them and set them out on a table in the library with a sign that says “Free Books from Mr. Jim”. We encourage the teachers to take their classes to see the books.

The children are then able to take home books they select. Since we’ve been able to build up our school library, we wanted to give the kids the opportunity to actually take books home.

The teachers work with the kids on how to organize their home libraries according to genre, author. Sometimes a student will bring back one of the books that they particularly liked to offer them to other kids or ask their teacher to read it to the class.

I would like to see more books from Plenty because our big push right now is literacy. The more we can get books into the hands of the parents that they can read to their kids and the more we can get books into the hands of the kids, the better our community is going to be.”

Dawn LaFonte, Principal:

”Thank you so much for the visit and the books you graciously brought to Pointe aux Chene and Oaklawn Jr. High. The students were delighted to have them. We frequently have visits at Oaklawn Jr. High by students who are mentally and physically impaired.

The law states that they must be included on a regular school campus, which delights me. However, we frequently don’t have materials on their level.

Your last drop of books to me had several wonderful Indian stories on their level. We shared them in the library and they were so excited!

The regular students in the library were excited to read to the challenged students as well. That was a blessing I did not think I would see!

Thank you for making such an important difference in the lives of our students. It means so much!”

Taking into account all expenses of acquisition, transportation and distribution, each book is provided to a child at a cost of approximately 55 cents.

Our greatest need is to add more volunteers and funding to continue and grow Books To Kids. Your donations and support are greatly appreciated!

For more information, visit http://www.facebook.com/bookstokids or contact info@plenty.org 

Kids To The Country

Plenty’s Kids To The Country (KTC) program offers at-risk urban kids the opportunity to take a break from troubled situations and develop a connection to nature through hands-on experience.  KTC takes place on 1750 acres of woods, fields and streams south of Nashville on Tennessee’s Highland Rim. The land belongs to a 45 year-old intentional community called the Farm, which has hosted KTC since 1986 and has about 200 permanent residents today.

KTC kids come from homeless shelters, refugee centers, and low-income neighborhoods. More than 5000 children have participated since the program began.

summer-crafts1
A KTC craft-making session next to the “swimming hole,” a pond with a sandy beach, which is a favorite spot for the kids.

Kids To The Country also provides the opportunity for kids to:

  • experience a multicultural environment
  • build a positive sense of community
  • learn nonviolent conflict resolution skills
  • develop healthful relationships
  • expand their world view
bike riders
The Farm has lots of safe places to ride bikes.

KTC structures activities to form lasting feelings of accomplishment and self-worth in each child. The nature school curriculum helps every youngster develop a connection to the rhythms of nature.

counselor-2-girls-in-the-water
Swimming lessons in the “swimming hole.”

Many former KTC kids return to become counselors in training.

Many of the youngsters we get to know live with the daily threat of random violence. One expressed  “I bet there’s no shoot-outs here like there are in my neighborhood.” In recent times we’ve seen the unthinkable happen in our schools and in our cities. We know that ignoring the needs of children in our communities ultimately affects us all. To find out how you can help or participate in the Kids To The Country program, please email us, or write to: KTC, 425 Farm Road, Suite 3, Summertown, TN 38483. Donations to KTC are tax-deductible and greatly appreciated!

For more information about Kids To The Country please visit us and like us on Facebook here.

Books To Kids

Since 2006 Books To Kids has given away over 1205000 children’s books along the Gulf Coast, in
Appalachia and Nashville, Tennessee.
Books To Kids thanks Target, the Posel Foundation, the Philip R. Jonsson Foundation, the PeyBack Foundation,  Kevin Curley, and Marian Collette.

Pine Ridge Gardens

This year again over 200 family gardens were supported by the program. Above,  Pine Ridge ranks as one of the poorest reservations in the US, with extremely high rates of heart disease and diabetes. The organic vegetables raised in these gardens directly address these conditions. Many thanks once more to the Philip R. Jonsson Foundation.

Combined Federal Campaign

Plenty is happy to participate in the 2014 Combined Federal Campaign workplace giving program for federal employees.  Financial contributions federal employees designate to approved nonprofit organizations are matched by the U.S. government.  Contributions that Plenty receives through the CFC are earmarked for its food and agricultural programs in Central America. If you or a family member is a federal employee, please choose Plenty as your beneficiary, using CFC # 11625

Books To Kids

Over 20,491 quality books were distributed to kids to take home at 15 schools and community sites and to over 200
individual families on the Gulf coast, in Nashville, TN and Appalachia. To date more than 106,000 books have been distributed by the program since 2006.

Kids in Williamsburg, Kentucky in Appalachia are benefiting from the BTK & Williamsburg Action Committee’s “Books To Kids Reading and Tutoring Center” storefront and after school resource center.

1,072 books were delivered to 2 sites in New York for children affected by Hurricane Sandy, including the Richard Stockton Elementary School in Brooklyn, and the Martin Luther King, Jr. Community Center in Long Beach. Thanks to our colleagues Bisi and Mahmoud Iderabdullah at Imani House International in Brooklyn who coordinated the book distribution.

Kids To The Country

This past year ninety-three kids took a break from urban strife and experienced nature close up during KTC’s
summer program. Peacemaker classes and role-plays dealing with real life situations helped the children practice problem-solving skills.

“Mothers and Others Day” brought kids and their mothers or caregivers together to experience KTC for a day in July.

Over 60 children made gifts for their loved ones and celebrated the principles of Kwanzaa, which include taking personal and community responsibility, at KTC’s Winter program.

Kids To The Country and Books to Kids provided books to each child at every KTC summer session and Kwanzaa
celebration. Many of these children do not have books at home and they are a special and valued gift.

The Gulf Coast Recovery Program

Sixteen Biloxi-Chitimacha families flooded by Hurricane Isaac in August received replacement beds and mattresses, thanks to funding provided by the Philip R. Jonsson Foundation and individual Plenty donors.

Over 100 families from 3 Louisiana bayou tribal communities benefitted over the Christmas holiday from toys, books, and grocery cards, thanks to Plenty volunteer Elaine Langley and her network of friends and Plenty supporters, and new partner, The Mothers Project.

Pine Ridge Gardens

Our ultimate purpose is to:

  1. improve people’s health by helping them cultivate intensely nutritious foods
  2. retain and uphold culture by using culturally-specific methodology to achieve program goals
  3. rejuvenate depleted soils by adding minerals and processes of healing the earth at constituent gardens
  4. create a new asset for constituents by revitalizing and maintaining their soils by biodynamic methods and relevant spiritual practices
  5. support the missions of Plenty International, and Running Strong for American Indian Youth.

The 416 families served in 2012 represent the majority of gardening interest on Pine Ridge, and most have been at it for years. Despite the problems and obstacles, people consistently try to grow vegetables.

Families are burdened by diabetes 800 times the national average. Persistent poverty, obesity, food

insecurity, stress, alcoholic dysfunction, social pathology have long been characteristic of this federal reservation. Pine Ridge contains the third poorest county of the 2,147 counties in America.

Operating since 1985 independent of tribal or federal support, Slim Buttes Ag developed early partnerships with Plenty International and Running Strong for American Indian Youth, fiscal sponsors substantiating program development. In 2012, 416 gardens were made from applications indicating 2,496 people involved, at average of six per household. The program beneficiaries are families representing six percent of the approximate 40,000 Pine Ridge residents, mostly children.

Books to Kids in Kentucky

Provides children from Tennessee, Louisiana, and rural Kentucky with quality books, at no cost to their families

This summer Books To Kids teamed up with Kids To The Country to make books available to KTC participants to take home at the end of their four-day session at the Farm Community.

In 2011 Books To Kids began developing partnerships with organizations serving the populations of Appalachia in eastern Kentucky and Tennessee. In August of this year, Marian Colette of the Williamsburg, KY Action Team opened a “Kids Reading and Tutoring Center” in Williamsburg.

Books To Kids could win a $5,000 gas card in CITGO’s Fueling Good contest, IF it gets enough online votes! Gas is the most expensive part of this simple and effective program that’s provided over 99,000 good quality books to kids in need since 2006.

Join the Books to Kids Facebook group

Pine Ridge Gardens

Plenty began helping the home and community gardens project on the Pine Ridge Oglala Lakota Reservation in South Dakota in 1985. Since that time, with the support of Onaway Trust, Running Strong for American Indian Youth, the Philip R. Jonsson Foundation and individual Plenty donors the number of gardens has grown from 4 to 400. Last spring about 20,000 plants, grown in the project greenhouse at Slim Buttes on the Reservation, were distributed. Typically a gardener received a variety of vegetable plants including tomatoes, watermelon, cabbage, peppers, squash and beans.

Gulf Coast Recovery

Since hurricane Katrina devastated New Orleans and the Gulf Coast at the end of August in 2005, the quarter- mile wide Isle de Jean Charles, which lies just southwest of New Orleans three feet above sea level has been flooded by hurricanes Rita (2005), Gustav (2008), Ike (2008), and now Isaac as well as tropical storm Lee in 2011. On top of these disasters the BP oil rig explosion in 2010, coupled with the careless and massive application of Corexit to try and break up and disperse the oil has basically shut down the shrimp and oyster harvests that the native Biloxi- Chitimaca-Choctaw people rely on for food and income. Plenty is raising funds to help the families like Hilton Chaisson’s who lost everything in the flooding from Isaac. One hundred and seventy-five people live on the island including about 22 children. For most of the families, their homes represent all they have and the island culture is all they have ever known.