The rural population of Toledo (primarily Mayan and Garifuna peoples) relies to a great extent on subsistence slash and burn style agriculture focused on three major crops corn, rice, and beans.
This type of traditional agricultural practice uses 5-7 times the land space as sedentary agriculture.
As the districts population grows (it has already experienced a 36% increase from 1991-2000), it exerts increasing pressure on the land to produce.
As a result, the district is faced with a vicious cycle of diminishing productivity of the land as fallow periods are shortened, and increasing destruction of rainforest habitats to create more agricultural space.
The project strategy is to create a model gardens that can be replicated by both village residents and other interested communities, demonstrating the methods and benefits of organic gardening and sustainable agriculture and their relationship to a healthy biosphere.